Despite the rapid adoption of genetically modified (GM) crops by farmers in many countries, controversies about this technology continue. Uncertainty about GM crop impacts is one reason for widespread public suspicion.
We carry out a meta-analysis of the agronomic and economic impacts of GM crops to consolidate the evidence.
On average, GM technology adoption has reduced chemical pesticide use by 37%, increased crop yields by 22%, and increased farmer profits by 68%. Yield gains and pesticide reductions are larger for insect-resistant crops than for herbicide-tolerant crops. Yield and profit gains are higher in developing countries than in developed countries.
The meta-analysis reveals robust evidence of GM crop benefits for farmers in developed and developing countries. Such evidence may help to gradually increase public trust in this technology.
This study was carried out by Wilhelm Klumper, Matin Qaim* from the Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Georg-August-University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany